The William H. Miner

Agricultural Research Institute

Miner Institute
Farm Report

FROM THE PRESIDENT’S DESK: RUMINATION ECONOMICS

Rumination is an innate behavioral need of dairy cattle and they exhibit stereotypies (or repetitive behaviors) when it is inhibited. Rumination facilitates digestion, particle size reduction, and subsequent passage from the rumen to promote dry matter intake. read more

DO COWS NEED BEAUTY REST TOO?

As part of a recent study a 72-hour cow watch was conducted in the Miner Institute dairy barn to record cow behaviors. This involved watching from a runway above the pen, also called a catwalk, and recording mouth behaviors, body positions and location within the pen in 10-minute intervals. read more

REDUCED LIGNIN ALFALFA

Farm magazines are buzzing with news about reduced lignin alfalfa varieties. Alforex Seeds is marketing two Hi-Gest® varieties for 2015 (one with a fall dormancy rating of 3 which is suitable for Northern regions) and Monsanto planning the sale of HarvXtra™, a glyphosate-resistant alfalfa, for 2016. read more

WHAT’S HAPPENING ON THE FARM

In mid-January we had our first “normal” week of work since before Thanksgiving. That is, everyone was at work for the entire week – no one was sick or on vacation. And we just worked – milking, feeding, delivering calves, vaccinating, breeding, bedding the barn, etc. read more

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2015: INTERNATIONAL YEAR OF SOILS

Did you know that a handful of soil can have more species of bacteria than plant species in the entire world, or that the first cure for tuberculosis was discovered in 1943 from a soil-dwelling bacteria? read more

DOES EXTRA ENERGY IN THE FORM OF SUGAR OR PROPIONATE
ENHANCE PRE-WEANED CALF GROWTH?

Development of a functional rumen in the pre-weaned calf is critical for the transition from a milk-based diet to a forage and solids-based diet at weaning. Feeding highly fermentable carbohydrates in the form of starch and fiber in starter grains produces the volatile fatty acids (VFA) that stimulate rumen papillae development. read more

IS MILKING A PAIN IN YOUR….BACK?

Milking is one of the most labor-intensive and time-consuming jobs on the dairy. So it is not surprising that those dairy producers or their employees that milk cows experience musculoskeletal disorders (MSD). The term MSD is used to describe a variety of conditions that affect the muscles, bones, and joints. read more

URBAN COLLEGE STUDENTS SHARE
OPINIONS OF AGRICULTURE

The 3rd weekend in January marked the first ever AgChat Foundation National Collegiate Congress, an event focused on communicating farmers’ and ranchers’ stories to the consumer in a positive, memorable way. The congress participants also visited Fair Oaks Farms in Fair Oaks, Indiana to see first-hand how agri-tourism is used to bridge the gap between consumers, producers, and everyone in between. read more

TOTAL TRACT NDF DIGESTIBILITY VARIES
CONSIDERABLY IN COWS

One of the core research objectives at Miner Institute is to increase forage utilization by dairy cows. Many of our conversations about dairy cattle nutrition at the farm and in the lab revolve around improving forage quality, and in particular, NDF digestibility. read more

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Closing Comment

Some people think it took millions of years to make men of monkeys, but sometimes it takes only a few minutes to reverse the process.

 

The Miner Institute Farm Report is written primarily for farmers and other agricultural professionals in the Northeastern U.S. and Eastern Canada. Most articles deal with dairy and crops topics, but also included are articles dealing with environmental issues and global agriculture as well as editorial commentary.

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The William H. Miner Agricultural Research Institute
1034 Miner Farm Road, P.O. Box 90
Chazy, NY 12921
phone: 518-846-7121
fax: 518-846-8445