From Karen’s Desk:
With the explosion of equine-related activities in the North Country over the last decade, it is easy to see that the whole horse industry is growing. New York’s Field Office of the USDA is currently working diligently to put real numbers to that assumption with an update to the survey conducted five years ago. A growing horse industry helps us all - better laws protecting horses and owners, more support services such as feed and tack stores, and oodles of educational opportunities (many of which are noted in this issue) to take advantage of.
In this day and age of conspiracy theories and “Us vs. Them”, many are quick to assume that a survey from the government is Big Brother coming home to roost. Not so! I think George King, the President of the New York State Horse Council, sums it best saying:
"I believe that the 2000 Equine Survey was the most important document ever produced by New York State Agriculture and Markets in support of the horse industry in New York. It was used extensively by the Horse Council, the Farm Bureau, and the chairs of the two Legislative Agriculture Committees to obtain tax relief for horse farms, to designate boarding farms as farms and not commercial businesses, and to support promotional programs for the horse industry. At no time has any individual’s information been released by the USDA and it cannot be released by law. The organization has a proven track record in this respect. The update that the 2005 survey will provide will be used to support the argument that boarding farms or farriers need not be collecting sales tax, and it will be used in the future to advance the industry. In addition, accurate numbers and information on the health of the industry can be instrumental in helping to pass the 'Inherent Risk' legislation so badly needed in the state. This is a program that everyone who loves and owns horses must support."
I’m eagerly anticipating the results for the real upstate NY and am glad to have contributed to the betterment of the horse by participating as two “operations”, one at work and my retirement farm at home. If your survey is still sitting on your counter, fill it out now. If you didn’t receive one or need a new one, please use the copy in this newsletter. Send it to the address in the survey’s letterhead. It can’t be stressed enough how important this is, so don’t hesitate to contact me if I can answer any questions.
See you at EquiDay!
The Perils of the Super Easy Keeper Horse by Lynn Commaille, Equine Intern
Though diabetes is a common ailment in humans, it historically has not been associated with equines. The few recorded documents of equine diabetes over the last fifty years were associated with tumors in the pancreas or pituitary gland. Recently, however, researchers have been associating obese horses with a new metabolic syndrome that seems very similar to human-type diabetes. Once called “Equine Metabolic Disease”, researchers are calling it Insulin Resistance and are starting to see the entire impact this previously undiagnosed disease has on the horse’s entire body.
What is Insulin Resistance (IR)?
Insulin resistance is a condition in which the cells of the body do not respond to the hormone insulin as they normally would (very similar to Type II Diabetes in humans). As a response, the body alerts the pancreas to increase insulin production in an effort to assist the glucose into the cells where it can be utilized. Unlike human diabetes, where the normal response is an elevated blood glucose level, the horse only produces elevated insulin levels.
What are the symptoms of IR?
Symptoms of IR are very similar to that of Cushing’s Disease and many Cushing’s horses are IR. Horses may be lethargic and uninterested in their feed, though they still might be gaining weight; others are insatiably hungry. In horses that go off their feed completely, they might still gain abnormal fatty deposits on the sides of their abdomen and become very cresty. In addition, a classic area of these characteristic fat deposits can be found at the tail head. Another typical feature is to see puffy areas in the hollows above the eyes (which is another fat deposit, as well). Horses that have IR, or seem to be developing it, have a tendency for laminitis – especially associated with founder induced by grass. Unfortunately, it is very often a case of laminitis that starts the diagnosis of IR. As the condition advances, symptoms can include an increase in thirst and urination, loss of body condition, weakness and decreasing energy levels.
What is the difference between IR and Cushing’s Disease?
Although the symptoms associated with both diseases tend to be very similar, the only specific way to distinguish between IR and Cushing’s Disease is to have a veterinarian do several tests. Cushing’s Disease causes an elevated serum ACTH level (the hormone associated with stress), which in turn, produces elevated cortisol levels (another “stress hormone”). Over a long period of time, increased cortisol levels interfere with insulin’s ability to work properly, causing insulin resistance. With IR horses that do not have Cushing’s Disease, there is elevated serum insulin without an increase in ACTH levels.
How do you treat IR?
Control sugars in feed (see below)
Regular exercise to boost metabolism
Plenty of antioxidants in diet
What type of diet should you feed the IR horse?
IR horses require a diet that is tightly controlled to minimize the amount of starch and sugar. This includes eliminating all grains, particularly ones with molasses, or if that’s not an option, moving towards a “carb-safe” product that is specifically designed for IR horses. In addition, the horse needs to be off grass or fitted with a grazing muzzle and moved to other supplemental feed sources such as non-molasses beet pulp. Remember, ALL potential sugar/starch resources need to be removed, including treats such as apples and carrots. Regarding hay, it is smart to have an analysis done on your hay to make sure that the NSC (non-structural carbohydrate levels, the primary sugar in hay) is below 10-12%. If it is not, there are commercially available hay cubes that fall within this range or hay can be soaked for 1 hour in cold water (1/2 hour in hot) to remove sugars prior to feeding.
Should you be concerned?
This is something that everyone should be aware of because it could be your horse next! It’s important to remember that there are many factors that are involved in IR… some of which may be completely out of your control. In fact, researchers have found that there is a connection with genetics and breed tendencies. At the top of the list of potential breeds that would be associated with sugar intolerance is the Morgan, causing us to be more wary and alert at the Miner Institute about noticing any potential symptoms! Other breeds that researchers have associated with IR are ponies and “easy-keepers”, but IR can affect any horse. If you are ever in doubt about your horse, contact a veterinarian to discuss Insulin Resistance with him or her.
IR-Friendly Treats, according to Dr. Eleanor Kellon:
· Small amount of normal hay/acceptable pellets
· Iceberg lettuce, celery, mushroom or fresh parsley
· Small amount of apple peel (none of the flesh!)
· Small amount (1 tablespoon) of low fat, plain, unsweetened yogurt
· Shells and papery outer covering of nuts (peanut, pumpkin, sunflower)
To learn LOTS more from leaders in this field, go to the internet at http://groups.yahoo.com/group/EquineCushings.
DEWORMING PROTOCOL FOR MINER INSTITUTE
This plan was devised with a few things in mind: We aren’t treating any horses for insulin resistance or Cushing’s disease (must be cautious with praziquantel and moxidectin with them). We have definite seasons of winter/summer. We did 1 + year worth of Fecal Egg Counts and Fecal Egg Reduction Tests on each horse to arrive at the following plan. There is documented resistance to oxibendazole and fenbendazole at Miner and we will be testing pyrantel pamoate this spring. We have not yet used Moxidectin on this farm for encysted strongyles and with a resistance to fenbendazole, the Panacur Power Pac is not an option to target this stage of the life cycle.
What we’ve found through testing: there are some horses that need to be dewormed every time and have moderate to high egg counts (over 150 eggs per gram) with each FEC. There are some horses that never have any eggs and only have been dewormed twice a year since then with ivermectin and praziquantel to control bots and tapeworms. There is a separate plan for youngsters (15 months and under).
SARATOGA DRIVING ASSOCIATION SPRING CONFERENCE
The Saratoga Driving Association's second annual Get Ready for Spring conference will be held on February 18, 2006 at the Verdoy Fire Department on Rte 7 in Latham, NY. This year's lineup includes trainers Andy Marcoux and Robin Groves, farrier Jack Millman, ADS Secretary Susan Koso, and animal behaviorist Dr. Steve McKenzie. They will be speaking on a variety of topics dealing with the training and care of the driving equine, and are sure to give you information and ideas to give you a jump-start on your plans for the upcoming season. Complete details can be found at www.saratogadriving.com. Continental breakfast and lunch are included in the registration fee, and we have fabulous door prizes donated by DD Rapps, Saratoga Horseworks, Riders Crossing, Running Brook Farm, and more. Although we will accept walk-in registrations the day of the conference, please be advised that the registration fee will increase by $10 if postmarked after January 31, 2006. The cost until January 31st is $40 per person for SDA members and $50 per person for non-members. Beginning February 1, the cost will be $50 per person for SDA members and $60 per person for non-members. If you join SDA at the same time you register for the conference, you may pay the SDA member fee. SDA membership is $25 per year and includes a subscription to Horsemen's Yankee Pedlar.
Ever since 2001 there has been a collaborative equine educational program that rotates between three Land Grant Universities in the North East. The program, called “Horses 200X”, rotates between Vermont, New Jersey, and New York. It is organized with educational seminars, equine clinics, and a vendor fair. In addition to the collaboration of the three Land Grant Universities, there are many other colleges and equine-related organizations that work together to produce a first rate program!
“Horses 2006” at Cornell will be held in Ithaca, NY on March 25 and 26, 2006. Some of the best clinicians in the nation will be there:
· Judy Richter – Hunter Trainer named “Trainer of the Year” many years running; her students have been top winners at the major USA Equestrian shows; Board of Directors for USA Equestrian; a licensed “R” judge; a columnist for “The Chronicle of the Horse”; author of two books “Horse and Rider from Basics to Show Competition”, and most recently published “Riding for Kids”; Olympic Gold Medalist William Steinkraus thought so much of Judy that he sent his two children to Judy to train with her!
· Susan Harris – Nationally and internationally known artist, author, trainer, writer, and well loved horse woman will be here with us; Susan is artist to the extremely well known USPC Pony Club manuals; author of “Grooming to Win”; author of “Anatomy in Motion”; known for her videos “Visible Horse” and “Visible Rider” produced with Peggy Brown; artist and designer for the recently released Breyer horse model “Anatomy in Motion”; Susan trained personally by Sally Swift - the famous Centered Riding instructor; and so much more!
Additional clinicians, topics for educational talks, speakers, and vendor information will be released shortly and posted to Cornell University’s Department of Animal Science web site at: http://www.ansci.cornell.edu/horses. The last time the program was held in New York it was held at Cornell University in Ithaca, NY. Over 560 participants attended the formal educational programs, and many more thousands attended the free and open to the public Vendor Fair. There were fifty-eight vendors present with booths ranging from feed companies, to tack shops, equine artists, horse farms, insurance companies, trailer sales, equine related organizations, fencing companies, equine publications, equine health products, equine colleges, and so much more. The educational talks and clinics were all outstanding. This is an excellent two-day equine event. Do not miss this equine event. It is the one of the most comprehensive equine programs in the tri-state area. Mark you calendars for “Horses 2006 at Cornell in Ithaca, New York, on March 25-26, 2006! See you there!
…obviously didn’t have horses. In general, wire and horses don’t mix particularly well, with wire fences being the leading cause of leg and hoof injuries according to a lecture once given by Cornell’s resident farrier, Mike Wildenstein. Barbed wire rates way up there in the “Worst Fence Choice” for horse category.
January 18th would have been the 193rd birthday of Joseph Farwell Glidden who spent much of his childhood on a farm near Buffalo, NY. After moving west and seeing several poor attempts at keeping livestock contained in something more effective than thorny hedgerows, he invented twisted wire with snipped sections sticking off to prevent animals from leaning on it and soon became one of the richest men in the country. Barbed wire allowed for more settlement and less “free-ranging”, thus sealing the fate of the true cowboy.
Parallel Universes: Horse Shows and Kindergarten by Betsy Greene, Ph.D. and Extension Equine Specialist
If you have ever been within thirty feet of a child between the ages of 1-5 years, then you have probably experienced the “sniffle syndrome.” This is an unavoidable occurrence that results in development of a scratchy throat, itchy eyes, and dripping nose within a few days of exposure. It doesn’t matter if you never touched the child or anything that he touched. The “child-boogey bugs” are lurking nearby, waiting for the next victim. You can never build immunity or resistance, since each “child-boogey bug” is slightly different. Horses seem to have their own version “equi-boogey bugs.” Fortunately however, we have a fighting chance of protecting our animals from the most prevalent ones. We will examine some of the key “equi-boogey bugs” (scientific abbreviation, Eq-B’s) that may surface at the local horse show or county fair, and offer some pointers on protecting your four-legged carrot-eating beast.
Some of the Eq-B’s that horses can be exposed to include several types of types of viral respiratory infections. Young animals that are housed in adjoining stalls or paddocks can pass these to their neighbors by means of direct contact, aerosol, or by fomite transmission. A fomite is some inanimate object that is capable of housing and transmitting infectious organisms between individuals. The following viral infections are fairly commonplace at any highly populated horse event.
Equine Influenza: Signs: fever, decreased appetite, depression, lung sounds and a nasal discharge.
Normal cases will begin to show improvement within 4-7 days. The illness can be extended and complicated if opportunistic bacteria cause a secondary infection.
Equine Herpesvirus 1 and 4: The most common “cold causing” Eq-B is EHV-4. However, pregnant mares infected with EHV-1 can abort their foals or give birth to a weak foal. Young foals that are in a stressful state due to weaning can develop more severe signs such as fever, clear nasal discharge, swollen lymph nodes and labored breathing. Some horses have demonstrated neurological signs such as ataxia (loss of coordinated muscle movement) after the infection is cleared up.
Equine Herpesvirus 2: EVH-2 can have signs similar to EVH-1, but keratoconjunctivitis can occur in addition to fever, nasal discharge, etc.
Kinder-care: The viral respiratory diseases will usually run their course without veterinary treatment within 7-14 days. If horses are provided good nursing care, decreased stress, a lay off from extreme exercise or training, they will be less likely to develop a secondary bacterial infection. All infected horses should be isolated, since they can shed large amounts of the Eq-B’s during their illness. Veterinarians have differing opinions regarding the administration of “support” antibiotics. Some will say that it will help decrease possible secondary bacterial invasion; others feel that this will provide an opportunity for the development of resistant strains of bacteria. Other options include use of bronchodilators to ease breathing.
Prevention: Good management is the best prevention. However, even if the horses are housed in a clean, dry and well-ventilated environment with ample exercise and adequate nutrition they can still contract a respiratory disease on show day. Almost everyone can remember the pre-show atmosphere with horses to bathe (even if it’s still a little chilly…), manes to pull, braid, or band, tack to clean, trailers to pack, etc. Then, at the crack of dawn, the horse is loaded up for the show. After a day of competition, your well-managed horse has been exposed to enough Eq-B’s and enough stress to set up with a bout of sickness.
Some Available Vaccines and Recommendations (check with your veterinarian):
Þ Rhinomune (SmithKline Beecham) – Vaccinate at 3-months of age or older, administer 2 doses 4-8 weeks apart, and revaccinate every 3 months. (intramuscular)
Þ Pneumabort K (Fort Dodge) – Killed vaccine: vaccinate pregnant mares (and other mares sharing pens) during the 5th, 7th and 9th month of gestation. Young horses need to be vaccinated after weaning, followed with a booster 3-4 weeks later. Following the second dose, vaccinate again in 6 months and then annually. (intramuscular).
EHV-1 and 4:
Þ Prestige II (Haver/Diamond) – Killed vaccine for both EHV 1 and 4. Used to vaccinate young and mature horses with limited vaccination reaction. (no instructions listed, intramuscular).
Þ Equicine II with Havlogen (Haver/Diamond) – Inactivated, purified, cell culture origin of Equine Influenza Virus A1 and A2 and other strains. Vaccinate with 2 doses 3-4 weeks apart and then annually.
Þ Equi-Flu (Coopers) – Contains killed A1 and A2. Administer 2 doses 3-4 weeks apart and then annually.
Þ Flucine TC with Spur (Cutter) – Inactivated A1 and A2. Vaccinate with 2 doses 3-4 weeks apart and then annually.
Þ Flumune (SmithKline Beecham) – Inactivated A1 and A2. Administer 2 doses 3 weeks apart and then annually.
Þ Fluvac (Fort Dodge) – Contains A1 and A2. Vaccinate with 2 doses 2-4 weeks apart and booster annually.
Þ Inflogen (Solvay) – Contains A1 and A2. Administer 2 doses 2-4 weeks apart and booster annually.
*All influenza vaccines are administered intramuscularly.
Rose, R. J. and D. R. Hodgson. Manual of Equine Practice. W. B. Saunders Company. Philadelphia, PA 1993.
Mark Your Calendars for the 2006 Saratoga Horse Symposium
The 2006 Saratoga Horse Symposium will be held on Saturday, April 1 at the Cornell Cooperative Extension Office in Ballston Spa and at the 4-H Training Center on Middleline Road, Ballston Spa. Registration for the day will be from 8-9:00 a.m. at the Extension Office, 50 West High St., with coffee, tea and donuts provided. The program starts at 9:15.
The program includes Dr. Bill Barnes, DVM who will speak on “Know When to Call the Vet.”. “Dare to Go Bare” is the title of AFA Certified Farrier Penny Springstead’s presentation on natural hoof trimming. In the afternoon horse trainer Sue Knight will present “Improved Synchronization & Timing Equals Exceptional Horsemanship and Fun!” for the live animal portion of the program.
We are pleased to have the support of our corporate sponsors A and J Enterprises of Salem, NY, Agway Feed and Nutrition, Albany, NY, The Cheshire Horse of Saratoga, Saratoga Springs, NY, Farm Family Insurance, Clifton Park, NY, Insect Control Systems, Shoreham, VT, Nutrena Feeds, Albany, NY, Triple Crown Nutrition, Wayzata, MN, Walker’s Farm, Home, and Tack, Fort Ann, NY, Whitman’s Feed Store, North Bennington, VT, Saratoga Gaming and Raceway, Saratoga Springs, NY, and First Pioneer Farm Credit, Greenwich, NY. Company representatives will welcome you at the program.
A silent auction will be featured with many great horse products available. In the past we have had books, clothing, tack, paintings, feed, buckets, ladies purses, gift certificates, equine health products, and more. Proceeds for the entire program benefit the Saratoga County 4-H Training Center.
Participants will receive informational packets consisting of printed material from various equine businesses and organizations. With any questions or to receive registration information, please call Cornell Cooperative Extension of Saratoga County at (518) 885-8995. You can also visit us at www.ccesaratoga.org to download registration forms. The cost of the program is $20.00/ person, $15/each additional family member, including all materials and a delicious hot lunch. Pre-registration is requested by March 24 to guarantee lunch. Late registrations will be taken at $15/person (no lunch included).
18th Annual Equine Reproduction Workshop
The UVM Morgan Horse Farm in Weybridge, Vermont, the William H. Miner Agricultural Research Institute of Chazy, New York and the Middlebury Large Animal Clinic of Middlebury, Vermont will host their 18th annual Reproduction Workshop beginning the afternoon of Friday, April 7 and continuing for a full day on Saturday, April 8, 2006.
Dr. Donald Hunt and associates are skilled veterinary practitioners in equine reproduction and physiology. They will discuss managing the uses of lights, hormones, and ultrasound in your breeding program, anatomy and physiology of the mare and stallion, embryo transfer, artificial insemination and foaling/neonatal care.
The topics covered by Dr. Josie Davis of the University of Vermont's Equine Studies Program and Katie Ballard, Director of Research and Equine Program Coordinator at Miner Institute, will include updates on materials, techniques and procedures for collecting, processing and transporting fresh-cooled and frozen stallion semen.
The staff of the UVM Morgan Horse Farm, Miner Institute and the veterinarians will guide workshop participants through hands-on participation and demonstrations of ultrasound, teasing procedures, semen collection and processing, artificial insemination and frozen semen handling. The important step of training the inexperienced stallion to the breeding phantom is also demonstrated.
The registration fee of $250 includes workshop materials and meals. Spaces are limited to 25 participants and become filled well in advance. Call the UVM Morgan Horse Farm at (802) 388-2011, Monday-Friday, for further information.
It’s the “Equine Affaire” of Vermont, but cheaper and less crowded!
Horse lovers will again be able to get a jump on the season at the third annual “Everything Equine” show April 29-30, 2006 at the Champlain Valley Exposition. The event offers horse enthusiasts a full range of demonstrations, training, seminars, products and displays at the start of the spring and summer riding season.
“Everything Equine” is presented in part by the The Horse Works, University of Vermont Extension and Champlain Valley Exposition, and sponsored by Poulin Grain, Inc., The Equine Journal, Horsemen’s Yankee Pedlar and Purina Mills.
Betsy Greene, equine specialist at the University of Vermont Extension, is thrilled at the growth of the show in its first two years. “This is a great event that combines the strengths of UVM Extension, the Exposition, and Vermont horse businesses and equine industry experts.”
Helping fuel the show’s growth, according to Greene, are the “empty nesters” who are going back to the things they love to do – whether it is having a horse in the backyard or boarding horses. “I think for many people, having a horse is one of those things that makes Vermont feel like a great place to live,” she noted.
That passion contributes significantly to the state’s farm economy - $26 million a year on grain and hay alone, not to mention tack, fences, veterinarians and other expenses. “Horse owners spend a lot of money – for many people, horses are their recreation, replacing a boat, RV or snowmobile,” Greene said.
“Everything Equine is designed to focus that passion and bring together horse-related businesses, riding clubs and industry experts under one roof. People – the everyday horseperson, newcomers, professionals and serious competitors – will all find something fresh and of interest at the show,” she said.
“This is an opportunity for a great number of people to come together and learn, regardless of their place in the equine industry – everyday horseperson, professional or serious competitor,” she said.
“When it comes to equine interest, Vermont is a natural for a show like this,” states Tom Oddy, CVE’s director of special events. “That was demonstrated last year by the 7,000 people who attended the two-day show,” he added.
“There’s a real buzz in the horse community about this event. The Vermont Horse Council’s evening equine variety show, “Horsin’ Around” on Saturday sold very well. We are planning another evening show for 2006. Our exhibitor space sold equally well in 2005 – which is why we are now adding another indoor building so the show can continue to expand,” he said.
Plans are already underway for the seminars, demonstrations and exhibits. Details should be available in early 2006, Oddy said. Among the topics being considered: demonstrations of equine health, training, jumping and driving, saddle fitting, alternative therapies, emergency aid and more. There will also be seminars covering, nutrition, health, business, liability, equine reproduction, spring tune-up: conditioning tips, old horse issues, turning your horse hobby into a viable business, picking the right contractor, equitation tips, and much more.
“There’s really something for everyone at this family-oriented event and people are ready for the riding season to start,” Green added.
Date: Saturday, February 11, 2006
Time: 10 am – 2 pm
Place: Flemming Museum – Room 101
UVM Campus – Burlington, Vermont
Cost: $15 includes lunch and all proceeds will benefit VT 4H club
Registration, 9:30 am – 10:00 am
Dr. Philip van Harreveld, 10:00 am – 11:00 am
· Potomac Horse Fever: update, what’s new
· Laminitis and Steroids – What are the concerns?
· Colic update – Why you should have insurance
Dr. Emilie Beaupré, 11:00 am – noon
· Equine acupuncture and back problems
· Overview of equine muscle disorders
· Equine sport related injuries
30 minute lunch break, noon – 12:30 pm
Dr. Jennifer Jobin, 12:30 pm – 1:30 pm
· Management of the pregnant mare
· The newborn foal: What to do?
· Applications of ultrasonography in equine practice
Panel Discussion with all veterinarians, 1:30 pm – 2:00 pm
· Question and answer session
· Topics for next seminar/newsletters
The registration form and detailed brochure for this conference can be downloaded from our website: www.vlac.net. Registration should be received by February 8, 2006. Please call 802-893-6800 if you have questions or if you would like to register by phone.
"A Time to Talk," by Robert Frost
When a friend calls to me from the road
And slows his horse to a meaning walk,
I don't stand still and look around
On all the hills I haven't hoed,
And shout from where I am, 'What is it?'
No, not as there is a time to talk.
I thrust my hoe in the mellow ground,
Blade-end up and five feet tall,
And plod: I go up to the stone wall
For a friendly visit.
MINER INSTITUTE TO HOLD ANNUAL EQUINE CONFERENCE
EquiDay 2006 at Miner Institute in Chazy, New York is shaping up to be an outstanding program for all equine enthusiasts. An annual event, this daylong symposium on horse topics and mini-expo launches the spring season in the North Country. On Saturday, March 18th the doors will open at 9:00 a.m. for free registration and refreshments. The core program will begin at 10:00a.m. with guest speakers and will conclude at 3:30p.m. with a door prize drawing. Lunch is available for purchase to benefit a local 4H club.
The words “founder” and “laminitis” strike terror into the hearts of every horse owner and manager. Katy Watts has conducted extensive research in her home state of Colorado, has been speaking at major laminitis conferences for years on the relationship of feeds to this problem, and has brought many new facts to light; many of which fly in the face of what we’ve been practicing for years! Check out www.safergrass.org and come prepared to hear it “straight from the horse’s mouth.”
Jessica Ebert, Esq. of Burlington, Vermont will cover equine law. This is not often thought of as an issue until there is a problem, but a basic awareness of horse-owner rights and responsibilities is crucial. She will give overviews of liabilities laws and other facts of horse ownership.
TTouch is a blend of relationship training and physical bodywork to improve performance and just plain ‘ole enjoyment of the horse. Marcy Baer of Plainfield, Vermont, a practitioner of this art started by Linda Tellington-Jones, will speak on what exactly TTouch is and how you can put it to work for you and your horse.
No matter the weather (EquiDay is famous for snowstorms), the show will go on. EquiDay is held in the Miner Center building of Miner Institute on Rte. 191, just west off exit 41 on I-87. For more information visit our website at www.whminer.com or contact Karen Lassell at 518-846-7121 x120 or firstname.lastname@example.org.